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APA 6th Edition Citation Style

Email / Interviews

Citation Elements in Order:  
1.  Initials: T. K. Lutes
2.  Date: April 22, 2010


Email Example:



Proper Bibliographic Reference Format:

Because emails and interviews do not provide recoverable data, they are not included in the list of references.


In-Text Citations:

  • Email communications from individuals or interviews with individuals should be parenthetically cited in the main text of your paper
  • Citations are placed in the contexts of discussion.
  • Give the initials as well as the surname of the communicator, and provide as exact a date as possible.

(T. K. Lutes, personal communication, April 22, 2010)

Alternatively, you can integrate the citation into the sentence by means of narrative.

T. K. Lutes (personal communication, April 22, 2010) discusses the origins of lorem ipsum.